The Shoulder W Exercise

Shoulder W ExerciseLast week I wrote an article on what I considered essential exercises to add to every program, which included the shoulder W exercise for external rotation.  I received a lot of feedback from that article and many requests to post a video describing the technique.  Although, this is a pretty simple exercise, there are some tips I can share to help you maximize the exercise.

Why I Like the Shoulder W Exercise

Like I mentioned in my previous article, I have been a fan of the shoulder W exercise for some time now.  If you’ve watched my DVD Optimal Shoulder Performance, you know what I mean.  The exercise combines shoulder external rotation with scapular retraction and posterior tilt, definitely a great combo and advantageous for many people as it recruits the posterior rotator cuff (infraspinatus and teres minor) and the lower trapezius.

A study by McCabe et al (NAJSPT 2007) demonstrated that the shoulder W exercise exhibited a moderate amount of posterior rotator cuff and lower trapezius EMG activity.  But more notable for me was the finding that this exercise produced minimal upper trapezius activity and the highest ration of lower trapezius to upper trapezius activity.  I’ve written about how the upper trapezius can affect shoulder function and how upper trapezius and lower trapezius imbalances may cause shoulder impingement, so you know how much I am going to like an exercise that really emphasizes the lower trap and posterior rotator cuff!

 

Shoulder W Exercise Video Demonstration

In the video demonstration of the shoulder W exercise below, notice that I grasp a good piece of Theraband about shoulder width apart and hold with my thumbs up.  I’ve seen many people recommend that you point your thumbs back, I don’t really think that supinating your forearm changes the exercise so I’d rather keep the forearm in neutral and really just focus on the shoulder and scapula.

The other tidbit I would recommend, and the origin of the name “W” exercise, is that I like to keep a 90 degree angle at the elbow, which ends up form a “W” when you reach end range of external rotation.  This happens because the lat muscle mass causes your arms to abduct a little bit of your body.  I wouldn’t recommend trying to keep your forearms parallel to the ground.

If you perform the shoulder W exercise with thumbs back and keep your forearms parallel to the ground (and thus don’t form a “W”) I feel that you are really missing out on the scapula retraction and more importantly, the scapular posterior tilt that you achieve when forming a “W.”  Try it yourself, you’ll feel what I mean.

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Realize that this isn’t rocket science here, there are several variations of bilateral shoulder external rotation exercises, but I wanted to share my thoughts on performing the shoulder W exercise and why I prefer it, what do you think?

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  • ChrisNunz

    I did this exercise a lot during my physical therapy from my shoulder surgery, a long with traditional external rotations and I definitely feel it helped a lot. I still do this now as the first warm-up before upper body work.

    Also Mike, what do you think about “YTWL”s for warming up the shoulders as well before lifting?

  • http://theRotater.com/blog Chris Melton

    As usual….great shoulder rehab info…thanks.

  • Chris

    Tony,

    what are your thoughts on the pivot prone variation tumminello uses?

    I find it tweaks on my dodgey shoulders less.

    • http://mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      Chris, Nick has some good exercise. The pivot prone looks a little different than what we are working on here. That looks to be a good lat exercise, one that has a vector that goes through your head, which I like and have talked about here –

      http://www.mikereinold.com/2010/09/lat-pulldown-how-to-maximize-latissimus.html

      But the W is different and focus on retraction, ER, and posterior tilt. It should feel great on your shoulders and posture. Looks like if the pivot prone Nick is talking about hurts your shoulder, you are forcing your arms too far behind the plane of your body. This will cause some discomfort in the shoulder for sure.

  • Chris

    Mike,

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQ8X5dMzHq4

    I was refering to the Pivot Prone (a W variation) rather than the Pivot Prone Pull (lat pulldown variation)

    I find the pivot prone tweaks LESS than the w. (due to less external rotation?)

    • http://mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      Chris, thanks for clarifying, still looks different. I wouldnt really group that into the “W” category as it doesnt put a lot of emphasis on the rotator cuff. I dont think the exercise achieves the same goals. Not bad for posture, but also not applicable to everyone.

  • Pip

    Hey i’m an OT student interested in upper body physical rehab. does anyone have any suggestions on what kind of settings I would be likely to gain the most experience in, in terms of different types of injuries and rehab? (eg, hospital or clincal or would I be better to with community?)
    thanks
    Pip

    • Pip

      (apologies for spelling mistakes and lack of punctuation)

  • http://www.chrisjohnsonpt.com Christopher Johnson

    Mike,

    Good to see you training. Looks like you are fit these days. I like your video demonstration too. Question…do you ever start the exercise in more internal rotation to improve shoulder external rotation strength since to add sarcomeres we should be strengthening in a lengthened position. I realize that it’s not solely about strength as the neuromuscular component is critical. I have also started incorporating this exercise in a rockerboard in an A-P and M-L direction once the patient exhibits good form and it serves as a nice progression. Hope all else is well and glad to see the Sox are off to a great start. Hope I didnnt just jinx them.

    Cheers

    • http://mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      Chris I do start it in IR, remember that the sagittal plane is IR, the scapular plane is neutral! And were 0-6 this morning, but thanks!!!!

  • http://www.nationalspinecare.com Gord

    Mike, I like your video on the shoulder W exercise. I had done something similar earlier you might find of interest. It wasn’t specifically for shoulders but rather aimed at upper crossed postural correction. If interested, you can check it out:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0M-37uqVmpo
    You’ll have to excuse the high production value on the video :-)
    -Gord

    • http://mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      Gordon, nice one I like it. It de-emphasizes ER but a good posture exercise!

  • Andy

    Mike,
    For the W, is the shoulder in slight abduction or should the arm just rest by the side as you externally rotate? I remember reading somewhere that slight abduction of the shoulder helps increase EMG activation of the external rotators…

    • http://mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      Yes, I tried to note that above, by keeping your elbows flexed to 90 degrees, your arms will follow the contour of your lats and will thus abduct slightly. See the photo at the top of the post.

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  • http://www.vincenashfitness.ca Vince Nash

    Hi Mike. I use Theraband bands and tubes in my classes. I use the W shoulder exercise often. Most of my clients and class members benefit from this great exercise. Vince.
    PS. stay strong, eat well.

  • Joe

    Hi Mike,

    I orderd a copy of you and Eric’s Optimal Shoulder Performance DVD and all the exercises have been of great benifit to myself and the rest of the clients we have at the gym.

    I was wondering if you had plans to release anything similar on the hip? As I found even after 4 years of university and a few years in the industry and god knows how many books later, Optimal Shoulder Performance has given me a hell of alot of food for thought in terms of injury prevention and rehab.

    Joe Rogers

    • http://mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      Thanks Joe, Eric and I are actually brainstorming future collaborations, good idea…

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  • Bob

    Hi Mike,

    I added this exercise to our program, and 2 athletes (tennis players) are experiencing a painful crack/pop during the eccentric portion of this exercise. What could this be and any recommendations?

    Cheers,

    Bob

    • http://www.mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      Bob, where? AC joint area? back of shoulder blade? I must say that isnt very common at all. Make sure you are emphasizing the shoulder movement and not incorporating too much back extension etc.

  • Bob

    Both athletes are experiencing severe pain and a crack/pop near the biceps tendon during the eccentric portion of the exercise. Form looks good, I cue them to brace their core to limit extension and their scapula is retracted.

    Cheers,

    Bob

    • http://www.mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      “severe pain” isn’t good, that is the only thing that causes the sensation? I wonder if they have a subluxing biceps tendon or other pathology. I would refer out.

  • http://Website(optional) Kevin

    Isn’t the ratio of lower to upper trap work even higher on the traditional Band Pull Apart?

    • http://www.mikereinold.com Mike Reinold

      Not sure, do you have a reference?

  • http://Website(optional) Kevin

    No I just thought that as you can handle more “pull”/weight in the traditional band pull apart and as the movement of the scapula is practically the same (no upward rotation) that it might be more effective. Probably it’s the opposite!?

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